Morocco’s mining sector is best known for phosphate. The country is home to approximately 77% of the world’s known reserves. Beyond phosphate, Morocco is also recognized for its global output shares of arsenic (16%), barite (10%), cobalt (2%), and fluorspar (1%). Of these, barite is the only mineral which has a considerable portion derived from ASM, said to account for 90% of the country’s production. Traditionally, ASM activities also exploit small amounts of lead and zinc, while more recently the southern part of the country has witnessed a growth in small-scale gold mining.

Read more in the State of the Sector 2019 Country Profile: Morocco

Key Minerals Mined by ASM


ASM Employment in Morocco

Only three publicly available data sources exist on ASM employment in Morocco with significant variance between estimates.

Data Source: ILO 1999, Seccatore 2014,

ILO 1999: Range of 5000-10000 stated in report with median is provided here.
Seccatore 2014: Estimate represents artisanal and small-scale gold mining employment based on model using gold production to estimate ASGM employment
2017 data from based on stated range of 70,000 to 150,000 with estimate of 100,000 stated. Source of data states "Personal communication with M.M. 2017"

ASM vs. LSM Production of Barite (2013)

Production of barite for 2013 based on published data sources. Notably, ASM accounted for 36% of total barite production in Morocco in 2013. Total barite production in Morocco in 2013: 1,095 tonnes .

Data Source: Perks 2019, MEMSD 2014

MEMSD 2014: Ministry of Energy, Mines and Sustainable Development, 2014. Online.


The data presented in this beta site is a sample and should be used for demonstration purposes only. All data, countries and minerals are not yet represented, and will be included in the full launch of the platform coming Summer 2019.