Rwanda

Rwanda’s mining sector is entirely made up of artisanal and small-scale operations, though with varying degrees of mechanization and professionalization. There are small deposits of gold, but the main minerals extracted are the 3Ts – tin, tungsten, and tantalum. These mines are dotted throughout Rwanda’s hilly terrain which presents unique challenges to extraction, processing and the disposal of tailings. The vast majority, if not all, mines are licensed and formalized, and many are organized into cooperative structures. This provides miners with more legitimacy and greater access to support services.

Photograph by Mickaёl Daudin

Key Minerals Mined by ASM

3T Mineral (Mixed) • Cassiterite • Coltan • Gold • Wolframite

ASM Employment in Rwanda

Depending on definitions and methods to calculate employment in ASM, around 30,000-40,000 people are said to be working in the sector on a full-time basis. If seasonal and part-time workers are considered, estimates from some sources reach as high as 77,000 – almost doubling the total amount.

Data Source: ILO 1999, , CASM 2009, MNR 2013, iTSCi 2014, BGR 2014, DFID 2018, DFID 2018, iTSCi 2015, Perks 2016, iTSCi 2016, iTSCi 2017, DFID 2008, iTSCi 2018

Data sources: ILO 1999; Biryabarema and Franken 2009; Cook et al., Ministry of Natural Resources, Republic of Rwanda 2013;2014; iTSCi 2014, 2016, 2017, 2018; Perks 2016; Barreto et al., 2018

ASM Employment as % of the Labour Force

Data sources: Calculated from World Bank labor force population data and ILO 1999; Biryabarema and Franken 2009; Cook et al., Ministry of Natural Resources, Republic of Rwanda 2013;2014; iTSCi 2014, 2016, 2017, 2018; Perks 2016; Barreto et al., 2018

Percentage of Women Working in Mining (country wide and of population)

Data Source: Ministry of Natural Resources, Republic of Rwanda , National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda

Ministry of Natural Resources, Republic of Rwanda 2013; National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda, 2016

Alert!

The data presented in this beta site is a sample and should be used for demonstration purposes only. All data, countries and minerals are not yet represented, and will be included in the full launch of the platform coming Summer 2019.

Related Researchers and Organizations